To some it may be unclear as to whether Lady Fatimah al-Zahra (PBUH) was oppressed and hurt after the demise of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP). The answer to this question can be clearly and completely found in the Sunni and Shia authentic history books that have recorded the events after the demise of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP). (1) These books clearly state that Lady Fatimah (PBUH) had continuously complained about the tyranny of the ruler and his government in her short life time after the Prophet’s (PBUH&HP) demise.

If we take a brief look at her sermon given in the mosque of Medina and in the public presence of Muhajerin (Immigrants) and Ansaar (2) (Helpers), we can observe that she questions the ruler and reproaches him with sharp speeches. At this point a question may occur to the mind: can the speech of Lady Fatimah (PBUH) be an implication and reaction of her being hurt and angry at the oppression of the first Caliph and his helpers? This implication can also be inferred by the famous saying of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) who has said: “The satisfaction and anger of Fatimah causes the satisfaction and anger of Allah.”(3)

Ahl al-Tsunan sources: Mustardak Sahihin, volume 3, page 154 – History of Madinah, Damascus, volume 3, page 156 – Asad al-Ghaba, volume 5, page 522 – Al-Habitat, volume 8, page 265 and…


Shiite sources: Manaqib (Ibn Shahr Ashub), volume 3, page 107 – Amali Sheikh Tusi, page 427 – Kashf al-Ghamma, volume 2, page 85 and …[/note]

According to this narration, surely Allah (SWT) is angry with that person whom Lady Fatimah (PBUH) is angry at. Obviously one who has angered Allah (SWT) does not have the right to rule the Islamic Community.

That sermon had their impact as they thundered down upon the first Caliph and his followers. With her speech she changed the view of the people towards the tyranny. However, after she delivered the sermon in the mosque of Medina, a series of sorrowful events took place, which all caused Lady Fatimah (PBUH) to remain in bed…

*  *  *

…Amir al-Mu’minin (PBUH) felt that his wife wants to have a private conversation. He asked the other women who were in the room to leave. Then he sat beside Zahra’s (PBUH) bed. He held her head against his chest and said: “Dear Fatimah! Tell me; tell me whatever is in your heart.”

Fatimah said: “My dear cousin! I am departing from this world. I saw my father in my dream an hour ago. He told me: ‘Come to me my daughter; I am eager to see you.’ So, my first word (question) to you is, during all this period that I was with you, have you heard a lie from me? Have I ever disobeyed any of your requests?” (In other words, forgive me if I have done you any wrong.)

Upon hearing these words Amir al-Mu’minin (PBUH) became even more grieved and began to cry; he said: “We seek refuge in Allah; you were much greater than to have lied or disobeyed.”

She then said: “My children are young (4) and will lose their mother. Every man needs a wife and after me you will remarry. I ask you to marry “Imamah”, the daughter of my stepsister who is kinder than all others to my children.”

Then she continued: “My last will is to prepare my funeral at night; I do not want any of those who oppressed me to know about my funeral. I want you to wash me at night, put the shroud on me, perform the prayer upon my body, and bury me at night. And after my burial, sit beside my grave and recite Quran for me.”

In that moment in which her head was on the chest of Imam Ali (PBUH), she said: “Peace be upon Gabriel, Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah.”

And in those moments her soul left her holy body; her departure from this world turned off the lights in Imam Ali’s (PBUH) home. Amir al-Mu’minin (PBUH) slowly put her head on the pillow. The children, now without a mother came in and threw themselves on their mother’s body. Hassan (PBUH) had fallen on his mother’s chest; he would kiss and say: “O Mother! It is me Hassan, talk to me.” Hussain (PBUH) came and sat at the end of her feet. He hugged and kissed them and said: “O Mother! I am your Hussain, talk to me; my soul is about to separate from my body.”

The sounds of wailing and crying could be heard from the house of Amir al-Mu’minin (PBUH). It was the first couple of hours after dusk. People of Medina knew about the illness of Lady Fatimah (PBUH), and hence were expecting her demise. The sound of moaning and crying went from one house to another until the whole town turned into a mourning ceremony.

As the narrator Qummi says: “The people of Medina all moaned at once; it was so loud that you would think the town is about to collapse… “(5)

(Selection taken from: The Series of Conceptual discussions of “Safir Hedayat” by Ayatullah Diaa Abaadi (with minor changes))

On behalf of the Roshd Website, we pay our condolences to all Muslims and especially to you dear friend on the 3rd of Jamadi al-Thani, the oppressive martyrdom of the utmost chastity, purity, and the unknown pearl of the divine:

Lady Fatimah al-Zahra (PBUH).



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